|The root cause of industrial robots must be used|
Foreign media reported that China's manufacturing industry will be transformed from labor-intensive to capital-intensive. In 2016, the number of industrial robots installed in China will rank first in the world. Factors such as industrial transformation, robot density, and employment attitudes of young people are the main reasons for this change.
After swallowing up a lot of global manufacturing jobs, China will now hand over these jobs to robots. China has become the world's largest industrial robot market. In 2014, sales of industrial robots in China increased by 54% year-on-year, indicating that China is accelerating the popularity of industrial robots. According to statistics from the International Federation of Robotics, the number of industrial robots installed in China will be the highest in the world in 2016.
China is expected to become an automation center, a phenomenon that denies many ideas about robots and the global economy. Economists often believe that automation is designed to reduce labor costs, and it can spawn advanced economies that protect manufacturing from threats of moving overseas and may even return manufacturing. The motivation for universal automation has not disappeared. However, in developing countries, robots will gradually replace jobs, and potential employment opportunities in Asia, Africa and Latin America's frontier markets are decreasing.
In China, the support for economic strength has lagged behind the trend. Labor costs have risen sharply, while countries with advanced economies such as the United States have been less affected. At first, China relied on the labor cost advantage to bring a lot of manufacturing jobs, but new trends have destroyed this economic system. The new robotics technology is cheaper and easier to use than ever. In addition, many of the fastest growing Chinese manufacturing industries, such as automotive manufacturing, tend to rely on automation technology wherever the plant is located. Some manufacturing jobs can only use robots, such as the precision work of electronics factories.
In fact, whether using robots made in China or robots from Western companies, China's rapid popularization of industrial robots is also related to self-esteem. Steven Wyatt, head of marketing and sales at ABBRobotics, a Swiss robot manufacturer, said: “When Chinese export goods, they are often hindered by product quality. Now they will say, 'We use robots with Western European and North American companies. The same '.' This is one of the reasons why the Chinese government is promoting this change. In 2013, the Chinese government announced that by 2020, China will have at least three internationally competitive robotics companies, 8 to 10 supporting industrial clusters, and domestic robots in high-end robots will account for about 45% of the market share, and the robot density will reach 100 or more. Some analysts believe that this top-down strategy will produce a “herd effect” that will result in wrong spending. Gan Jie, a professor at Cheung Kong Graduate School of Business and a director of Dajiang, said: "If you invest money in the wrong company, you will crowd out the most innovative companies."
From the current point of view, robots do not seem to have much impact on the Chinese job market. In 2014, the average wage in China's cities increased by more than 10%, but this year China still plans to create at least 10 million new jobs. Chinese business owners believe that it is increasingly difficult for them to find young people who are willing to work on boring assembly lines, which is the main reason they use robots. Some electronics manufacturers say they have to deal with a turnover rate of up to 20% per month. Although some factories have moved out of China, the employment environment in China is still in good shape. Perhaps other developing countries have a better understanding of this.