As early as the beginning of the 20th century, with the development of machine tools, automobiles and other manufacturing industries, there were stamping robots. In 1913, Ford Motor Company of the United States installed the first automatic line for machining parts. In order to solve the loading and unloading of automatic and automatic machines, the special robot was used instead of manual loading and unloading. It can be seen that the special manipulator appears as an accessory device of the automatic machine and the automatic line. The former Soviet Union began to develop application robots in the 1960s. By the end of 1977, half of them were domestically produced and half were imported. Japan is the fastest growing and most widely used industrial robot.
Since the introduction of two kinds of robots from the United States in 1969, he has been working on robots. Although China began to study industrial robots only 5-6 years later than Japan, due to various reasons, the development of industrial robot timing is relatively slow. At present, China has begun to introduce industrial robot (stamping robot) technology from abroad. Through introduction, imitation, transformation and innovation, industrial manipulator technology will surely develop rapidly. At present, most of the industrial manipulators belong to the first generation, mainly relying on workers for control; the direction of improvement is mainly to reduce costs and improve accuracy. The second generation of robots is stepping up development. It is equipped with a miniature electronic computing control system that has the ability to be visual, tactile, and even to listen and think. Research and installation of various sensors, feedback to the sensed information, is the robot's sensory function. The third generation of robots can independently complete the tasks in the process of work. It keeps in touch with electronic computers and television equipment and has evolved into an important part of flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) and flexible manufacturing units.